Furfural Market on the Move: Double Digit Growth

Independent analysts seem to agree with DalinYebo’s view on the furfural market:

Rising demand for chemical feedstock that is compatible with pharmaceutical applications and other industries has fueled the growth of the market for bio-based chemicals. BCC Research reveals in its new report that similar factors such as growing environmental concerns, the push to decrease dependency on crude oil-based chemicals and increasing penetration of furfural derivatives in various industry level application markets are driving solid growth.

A good time to start planning your investments: Here’s some food for thought.

Last modified on 10 August 2016

Bagasse and Blended Biomass Cogeneration: A Case for Furfural!

Bagasse and Blended Biomass Cogeneration: A Case for Furfural!Bagasse and Blended Biomass Cogeneration: A Case for Furfural!
Blended Biomass allows more Bagasse as Feedstock for Furfural! 

A report on blended biomass for cogeneration, by Amaury Perez Sanchez: Cuba, like other countries with few fossil energy resources, has used biomass to fuel its industrial processes for decades. More recently, it has worked to improve efficiency and increase the role that these plants play in supplying grid power.

DalinYebo's Comment: Using sugarcane bagasse for electricity cogeneration is a well established practise. A recent reports suggestions blended biomass for co-firing of additional 'waste' biomass in a sugar mill. However, bagasse, in our humble opinion, is a more valuable biomass feedstock for fuels, chemicals, paper, feed etc., than just another fuel source. Supplying a bagasse-fired boiler with a biomass blend is a first step in releasing this value, as it would make more bagasse available for the production of furfural. The Biomass.Market™ platform helps sugar millers in managing the supply of additional, blended biomass .

The sugarcane agribusiness has supported the Cuban economy for decades, and nowadays it plays an important role in the rapid development and growth of the country’s internal and external markets. Today, sugarcane biomass constitutes the energy source with highest potential in the medium to long term, as Cuba is an agricultural country with a sugarcane industry that generates millions of tons per year of high-energy-value residues.

However, the once-strong Cuban sugar industry, which was capable of producing up to eight million tons of sugar per year, hit the bottom in 2009–2010 when total sugar production tumbled to 1.1 million metric tons (mt), the lowest level in 105 years. The situation is beginning to improve, and the administration is taking some important measures to boost efficiency and increase production. ...


Read the full report @ Bagasse and Blended Biomass Cogeneration Advances (Cuban Example) | Biomass Blog

 For a related article, see www.ipsnews.net.


  • Bagasse
  • Biobased Energy
  • Blended Biomass
  • Cogeneration
  • Green Electricity
  • Biomass.Market™

Plastic Bottles from Carbon Dioxide and a Furfural Derivative

PET Water Bottles - Soon to be replaced byPET Water Bottles - Soon to be replaced by
Furfural and CO2 as Building Blocks for Bioplastics

We have previously highlighted that bio-renewable PEF (polyethylene furanoate) is an alternate and green plastic for soft drink bottles: PEF is made from ethylene glycol and FDCA (furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid). As with most furfural derivatives, the chemistry is very old (and forgotten?): FDCA was first obtained in 1876 and is derived from furoic acid, which was first described in 1780. FDCA is one of 12 priority chemicals for establishing the “green” chemistry industry of the future, according to the US Department of Energy.  

DalinYebo's Comment: What a brilliant pathway, to use CO2 and a furfural derivative, which is made from non-food agricultural residues, instead of food-based feedstock!

Stanford Report, March 9, 2016

Stanford scientists have discovered a novel way to make plastic from carbon dioxide (CO2) and inedible plant material, such as agricultural waste and grasses. Researchers say the new technology could provide a low-carbon alternative to plastic bottles and other items currently made from petroleum. "Our goal is to replace petroleum-derived products with plastic made from CO2 ..."

Many plastic products today are made from a polymer called polyethylene terephthalate (PET), also known as polyester. Worldwide, about 50 million tons of PET are produced each year for items such as fabrics, electronics, recyclable beverage containers and personal-care products. 



  • PET
  • Furoic Acid
  • Furfural
  • Bioplastics
  • FDCA
  • PEF
  • Biorenewable Chemicals

An App Knows if a Beer Has Gone Stale

An App Knows if a Beer Has Gone StaleAn App Knows if a Beer Has Gone Stale
Furfural: Freshness Indicator of Beer (and other beverages and foods)!

Beer is one of the most widely consumed alcoholic beverages in the world. The flavour of each brand is one of its most relevant quality standards. However, depending on the beer type and its storage conditions, such flavour may be altered as a result of changes in the chemical composition produced during beer that, unlike what occurs in wines, has a negative effect on the quality of the flavour.

Editor’s Comment:  “Furfural gives flavour to our drinks and food!” (see below: Related Articles)

Now, a team of chemists, led by the researchers Elena Benito-Peña and María Cruz Moreno-Bondi from the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), has developed a simple, low-cost method capable of measuring whether or not beer has gone stale, simply by using a sensor and a smartphone app. The results of the study have been published in the Journal Analytical Chemistry.

Elena Benito-Peña explains to SINC that this development forms part of an INNPACTO project of the Spanish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Competitiveness, in which the UCM has collaborated with the Mahou-San Miguel brewing company.

The researcher points out that up until now brewers have measured furfural –a chemical compound that appears during the aging process of beer and gives it a stale taste– and other freshness indicators using methods based on chromatography techniques. “But these methods involve the use of expensive equipment and sample preparation is very time-consuming,” she highlights.

Sensor discs

The system developed by the researchers at the UCM consists of sensor discs that detect the presence of furfural in beer. These sensors, made from a polymer similar to the one used to manufacture contact lenses, have been designed to change colour (from yellow to pink) when they come into contact with a beer containing furfural.


The sensors change from yellow to pink when they come into contact with a beer containing furfural. (Image: University of Madrid )

“We have incorporated an aniline derivative into the sensor material which reacts with the furfural and produces a pink cyanine derivative that allows us to identify the presence of the marker in the sample. The intensity of the colour increases as the concentration of furfural in the beer rises and, thus, as more time passes since the beer was produced,” explains the chemist.

The team has also created a mobile app for Android smartphones that, by taking a picture of the sensor disc, allows for the identification of the amount of furfural present in the beer. With this data, the degree of freshness can be determined.

The application is available as open source, meaning that any programmer can utilise and modify it to be used on other platforms. In the future it will also be available for Apple IOS.

The low cost method can also be used with other food products such as honey, milk and coffee

Results comparable to more sophisticated methods

Benito-Peña recounts that the idea of developing the new method came about following a meeting with Mahou-San Miguel in which the company spoke about the technical difficulties they were having in detecting furfural directly at the production facilities.

The results of the tests on the new system “have been very satisfactory,” says the co-author. “The measurements have been taken using samples sent directly from the brewing company with different production dates and distinct degrees of aging. These same samples were also sent to a laboratory where they were analysed using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. The results we obtained were completely comparable,” she emphasises.

The method was initially developed for brewing companies. “Especially, because the global market for this product is huge. But it can also be used with other food products such as honey, milk, coffee, etc.,” indicates the researcher.


The Information and Scientific News Service (SINC) – Spain


Alberto Rico-Yuste, Victoria González-Vallejo, Elena Benito-Peña, Tomás de las Casas Engel, Guillermo Orellana y María Cruz Moreno-Bondi. “Furfural Determination with Disposable Polymer Films and Smartphone-Based Colorimetry for Beer Freshness Assessment”. Analytical Chemistry (2016)

Related Articles

Furfural Derivatives in Apple Cider and Wine

Furfural Derivatives and 170 Year Old Champagne

Wake-up and Smell the Coffee .. its Why Your Cuppa Tastes so Good

  • Flavour
  • Furfural

Beyond Electricity From Sugarcane

Pylon In Sugarcane FieldPylon In Sugarcane Field
Furfural: A Complementary, but More Attractive By-Product


There are many benefits when integrating furfural production into a sugar mill that co-generates electricity:

The income per tonne of bagasse is at least 50% higher, than from electricity sales.

The furfural process improves the calorific value of the boiler feed.

Furfural production technology is regarded as low risk (has been used since the 1920s) and is easy to implement.

For more details, have a look at our "Sugarcane" page, where you find the links to many relevant articles on this topic.

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  • Bagasse
  • Furfural
  • Biorenewable Chemicals
  • Green Electricity
  • CHP

A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass

A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To BiomassA Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Furfural is one of the oldest chemicals made from biomass. It has been commercially made since 1922 and is today recognised as one of the most import biobased chemical building blocks

During a presentation of a feasibility study on the Integration of Furfural Production into a Sugar Mill, a client recently conclude that ..

"it's really not rocket science!"

Their mill also produces ethanol, co-generates electricity and they are now looking at processing trash/leaves, as green cane harvesting is being introduced.

The technology risk is low, but the bottom-line impact is high, when integrating furfural production to beneficiate residues from processing crops such as:




Sunflower Seeds,



Sweet Sorghum,

Sugarcane or

Forest residues

Generally, we have found that an investment in the addition of furfural production has returns (IRR) of over 25% and the payback period is below 4 years.

"Why are there not many more furfural producers?"

There are several answers to this question and DalinYebo would look forward to an opportunity to share them with your organisation. In the mean time, we take the liberty to direct you via the links below to some background information on this topic.

A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To BiomassA Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Benefit from the growing demand for biobased chemicals.
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To BiomassA Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Viability Study: 13,500 tpa furfural & 2.2 MW electricity
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Creating Wealth from Crop Residues
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To BiomassA Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Fast, low-risk and low-cost bio-refining of bagasse and trash.
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To BiomassA Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Upto 10 x higher margins, compared to Ethanol from hemicelluloses.
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
A Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To BiomassA Well Kept Secret: How To Add (More) Value To Biomass
Furfural is a B2B trade, with attractive niche clients who offer longterm off-take agreements.

Of Interest?
Provide us with some information about your current or planned operation (For the response form, please This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) and we'll get back to you with a concept plan on how 'furfural' would benefit your business.


Adding Value to Biomass

DalinYebo, which means "Wealth Creation" (Xhosa) was founded in 2001 to trade and develop new furfural production with the support of International Furan Technology (Pty) Ltd (a wholly owned DalinYebo subsidiary). Our collective knowhow enables us to provide complete technology & business solutions for the manufacture of furfural:

For owners of biomass we offer technology and market access, creating investment opportunities in the cleantech space. Contact us to discuss the potential your biomass has for the production of furfural.

For the agri (Biomass) processing, sugar, pulp & paper, etc. industries, we provide knowhow and technology to convert (residual) biomass to chemicals and energy.

Bagasse, Corncobs, Sunflower Husks and more ..


  • Furfural
  • Biomass
  • Biorefineries
  • Biorenewable Chemicals

How to Turn a Corncob into Plastic Bottles

How to Turn a Corncob into Plastic BottlesHow to Turn a Corncob into Plastic Bottles
All you need is a Cob and CO2 to make Plastic Bottles.

This article is an update to a previous article: "Plastic Bottles from Carbon Dioxide and a Furfural Derivative"

Most of the 270 billion plastic bottles used in the U.S. each year are derived from petroleum. And that manufacturing contributes to a global greenhouse gas hit of more than 200 million tons of carbon dioxide each year — the same amount about 150 coal power plants generate annually. Some plastics companies are attempting to cut that footprint by substituting corn-based sugar for petroleum. But planting, fertilizing and harvesting corn generates significant carbon emissions, too, says researcher Matt Kanan (Standford University), where they developed a process that turns furfural into a precursor to make plastic bottles:

1. Convert the corncobs into furfural

2. Make furoic acid (a common food additive) from the furfural.

3. Mix hot furoic acid with CO2 to make 2-5-Furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA).

4. FCDA is a precursor for making polyethylene furandicarboxylate (PEF), which is an attractive replacement for PET.

NB: Worldwide, about 50 million tons of PET are produced each year for items such as fabrics, electronics, recyclable beverage containers and personal-care products.

DalinYebo's Comment: Corncobs can be removed from the fields without any negative impact on soil health. Actually, they take a few years to decompose and initially take nitrogen from the soil during the decomposition process!




  • Biorenewable Chemicals
  • PEF
  • FDCA
  • Bioplastics
  • Furfural
  • Furoic Acid
  • PET
  • Corncobs

Beautiful Biotechnology for Biofuels

Beautiful Biotechnology for Biofuels Beautiful Biotechnology for Biofuels

Graphical abstract: Propane synthesis derived from a fermentative butanol pathway is enabled by metabolic engineering (biotechnologyforbiofuels.com).

µ-BioRefinery™ or n-BioRefinery™ are two of DalinYebo’s biorefining platforms that are designed for future technologies such as the one described in the the following research article:

A microbial platform for renewable propane synthesis based on a fermentative butanol pathway (Abstract)

Navya Menon, András Pásztor, Binuraj RK Menon, Pauli Kallio, Karl Fisher, M Kalim Akhtar, David Leys, Patrik R Jones and Nigel S Scrutton


Propane (C3H8) is a volatile hydrocarbon with highly favourable physicochemical properties as a fuel, in addition to existing global markets and infrastructure for storage, distribution and utilization in a wide range of applications. Consequently, propane is an attractive target product in research aimed at developing new renewable alternatives to complement currently used petroleum-derived fuels. This study focuses on the construction and evaluation of alternative microbial biosynthetic pathways for the production of renewable propane. The new pathways utilize CoA intermediates that are derived from clostridial-like fermentative butanol pathways and are therefore distinct from the first microbial propane pathways recently engineered in Escherichia coli.


We report the assembly and evaluation of four different synthetic pathways for the production of propane and butanol, designated a) atoBadhE2 route, b) atoBTPC7 route, c) nphT7adhE2 route and d) nphT7TPC7 route. The highest butanol titres were achieved with the atoB-adhE2 (473 ± 3 mg/L) and atoB-TPC7 (163 ± 2 mg/L) routes. When aldehyde deformylating oxygenase (ADO) was co-expressed with these pathways, the engineered hosts also produced propane. The atoB-TPC7-ADO pathway was the most effective in producing propane (220 ± 3 μg/L). By (i) deleting competing pathways, (ii) including a previously designed ADOA134F variant with an enhanced specificity towards short-chain substrates and (iii) including a ferredoxin-based electron supply system, the propane titre was increased (3.40 ± 0.19 mg/L).


This study expands the metabolic toolbox for renewable propane production and provides new insight and understanding for the development of next-generation biofuel platforms. In developing an alternative CoA-dependent fermentative butanol pathway, which includes an engineered ADO variant (ADOA134F), the study addresses known limitations, including the low bio-availability of butyraldehyde precursors and poor activity of ADO with butyraldehyde.


Biotechnology for Biofuels 2015, 8:61  doi:10.1186/s13068-015-0231-1 The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biotechnologyforbiofuels.com/content/8/1/61


Source: dalinyebo.wordpress.com


The post Beautiful Biotechnology for Biofuels appeared first on The DalinYebo Blog....

New energy-rich sorghum

New energy-rich sorghum New energy-rich sorghum

“.. a new brand of sorghum, bred for optimal energy production, designed as a greener alternative to corn for ethanol fuels and biomass boilers”

DalinYebo‘s insight:

Some of the sweet sorghum varieties are also a great feedstock for furfural production: See dalinyebo.com/sorghum “From Africa: An Ideal Feedstock For The Global Biorefineries.”

Source: www.theguardian.com, via on Scoop.itFurfural and its many By-products

from: dalinyebo.wordpress.com

The post New energy-rich sorghum appeared first on The DalinYebo Blog....

Wake up and smell the coffee … it’s why your cuppa tastes so good

What gives coffee that unique smell? Photo: Simon O’Dwyer

.. three-part series Chemistry of Coffee, where we unravel the delicious secrets of one of the most widely consumed drinks in the world ..

The post Wake up and smell the coffee … it’s why your cuppa tastes so good appeared first on The DalinYebo Blog....

#Kebony @BuildingGreenDK

#Kebony @BuildingGreenDK #Kebony @BuildingGreenDK

@BuildingGreenDK in Forum #CPH. #Kebony stand number 1! #BG14 pic.twitter.com/rM1gq626Dm

DalinYebo‘s insight:

Source: twitter.com

See on Scoop.itFurfural and its many By-products

Filed under: Topics of Interest

from: dalinyebo.wordpress.com

The post #Kebony @BuildingGreenDK appeared first on The DalinYebo Blog....

Closing In on Butanol for Biofuel

At the ARS Bioenergy Research Unit in Peoria, Illinois, chemical engineer Nasib Qureshi observes and controls a fermentor in which butanol is produced from corn stover and recovered simultaneously with a vacuum.

Butanol is the go-to industrial solvent for products such as lacquers and enamels, but it might also play a substantial role in the production of renewable fuels. Gallon for gallon, it has 30 percent more energy than ethanol and only around 4 percent less energy than a gallon of petroleum-based gasoline.

DalinYebo‘s insight:

Great alternative for our biorefineries (see dalinyebo.com/n-BioRefinery)

Source: www.ars.usda.gov

See on Scoop.itBiorenewable Chemicals & Plastics

Filed under: Topics of Interest Tagged: bio-renewable Chemicals, Biofuels, Butanol
from: dalinyebo.wordpress.com

The post Closing In on Butanol for Biofuel appeared first on The DalinYebo Blog....

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